Tag Archives: Western Australian abattoirs

Bunbury

Current Operation

  • Currently Accredited AUS-MEAT 14.01.132
    • Establishment Number 0686

Location              

  • 170km S Perth

Australia. Bunbury

BunburySource – Hema Australia Map. 9th edition

Owner

  • V & V Walsh Meat processor & Exporters4
  • Vern & Jean Walsh established 1957, business now currently operated by Sons Peter & Greg Walsh7

Operation

  • Cattle,Sheep  and lamb3
  • Export accredited
  • Medium sized1 – says is a multi species ab???
  • Is a preferred supplier to Woolworths1
  • Is a fully integrated plant but has limitations1
  • Considered as best alternative to assist to increase capacity for export if ‘Harvey’ fell over, has much smaller capacity than Harvey1
  • Can process 400 hd a day4. Doesn’t stipulate if means sheep or cattle.
  • Beef & sheep products distributed throughout Australia, retail through Woolworths, speciality stores and restaurants7
  • V & V Walsh supply markets to other countries, including China, Have an office in Bejing7
  • Branded products – Amelia Park Lamb & Beef, distributed with partner company Trim & Tasty meats.7
  • All beef and lamb slaughter is done so by accredited Muslim slaughtermen using Halal kill techinques7
  • Abattoir itself employs 420 people, Woolworths expansion in 2011 employed further 70 staff, total Staff employed 650 people9
  • Can slaughter 3500 head lamb/mutton a day, half is boned and packed on site7
  • Have a shedded feedlot for lamb to guarantee supply7
  • Can slaughter 400 head cattle a day, ability to bone and process 300 carcasses a day7
  • Offal is trimmed and packed to customer specifications. Time from leaving the kill floor to freeze the offal to -10C, less than 48 hours.7

outsideSource – www.insightps.com.au
Bunbury abattoir – Western Australia

History

 1957

  • established by Vern & Jean Walsh7

2009-2011

  • underwent significant expansion in abattoir processing area and ‘cold chain’ connections between the abattoir and the production and warehouse facilities5
  • Expansion cost $31M – The Bunbury meat centre9
  • Deboning room expansion included
    • construction of new export standard beef/sheep chiller facilities6
    • load out facility extensions6
    • new amenities for staff6

boning roomSource – www.insightsps.com.au.
Boning room facilities inside Bunbury abattoir

  • Cold storage included
    • 32,000 carton capacity cold storage6
    • 2000 pellets of chilled meat9

ChillerSource – www.insightsps.com.au.
Chiller facilities inside Bunbury abattoir

2012

  • Bunbury employer – CEO Peter Walsh. blames Bunbury’s staggering unemployment rate of 6.3%, (above WA state average of 3.8%, and Australia’s 5.1%) on widespread ‘slack’ attitude of local workers8
  • Abattoir employs temporary foreign workers because locals are “not up to the task”8
  • Foreign workers are not cheap but more reliable than Australians8
  • One third of employee’s come from overseas using 457 visa, allow eligible workers to be employed for up to 4 years or a working holiday visa8
  • Employing foreign workers involved constant retraining and rehiring of new staff8
  • Continually advertised for new staff in last 5 years.

2014

  • Signed a $1B deal with Chinese company Grand Farm10
    • Grand Farm are the largest red meat importer in China.10
      • Currently supply 1% of Chinese market10
      • Want to increase to 3%10
    • If average lamb consumption is increased in China by 1 kg require extra 65M lambs10
    • If average beef consumption is increased in China by 1kg require extra 6.5M cattle10
  • Bunbury (Harvey Beef) is the only accredited exporter of WA beef to China11
    • Currently 75% of Bunbury production is sold domestically11
    • Expansion, within 5 years will double exports to about 50%11
  • Bunbury will process extra 500,000 lambs and 30,000 cattle to begin to supply Grand Farm10
    • Possible many grain producers will shift to livestock production.10
  • V & V Walsh are assisting in setting up Cattle feedlot in inner Mongolia10

Sources

  1. Parliament Hansard P. Omodei 17.08.05
  2. AUS-MEAT Accreditation list 14.01.13
  3. WAMIA Meat Processors 2013
  4. ‘Northern Australian Beef Industry – Assessment of risks and opportunities’ ABARE 2012
  5. www.insights.com.au, sourced 23.06.13
  6. www.capitalhouse.com.au, sourced 23.06.13
  7. www.halalexporter.com, sourced 23.06.13
  8. ‘Bleak jobless outlook for Bunbury workforce’ Bunbury Mail. 11.06.12
  9. ‘Bunbury meat centre extension opening’ www.woolworthslimited.com.au. 21.03.12
  10. Billion dollar meat deal with Chinese importer. Beef Central. 17.06.2014
  11. ‘We’ll have meat with that’ Nth QLD Register. 19.06.2014

Cowaramup

Current Operation

  • Closed November 20092

Location              

  • 11km north of Margaret River.

Australia. Cowaramup

Map. Cowaramup

Owner               

  • Western Meat Processors, Director – F.E Lee3
    • General Manager, J Mc Quillan2

Operation

  • Processed Cattle1
  • Employs 452
  • Workers numbers 572

 

History

2005

  • Western Meat Processors begun operations at Cowaramup2

2009

  • March. Expansion worth $750,000, would provide increased slaughter throughput in late 2009.2
  • November 16th. Closed due to plant where carcases were processed destroyed by fire and not other plants available to process meat.2
  • O’Conner Meat factory4.
    • Owned by Western Meat Packers, located in McNeece Place, O’Conner, established 27 years.
    • Owner of O’Conner, Rod Russell also owned lamb processing plant in Osbourne park
    • Employed 300 people.
    • Fire was caused by an electrical fault in an exhaust system, caused $10M damage
    • were processing 2000 head of cattle a week
  • Staff undertook maintenance work until December, when facility was shut down entirely, future work in January would continue maintenance.2

2011

  • Licence issued 3rd February 2011to operate the works prescribed under the Environmental Protection Act. Issued for an extended period of 3 years5
    • Licence #L8036/1993/5. File SWB2063.
    • Category 15:Abattoir
    • Category 55: Livestock saleyard or holding pen

Sources

  1. WAMIA Meat Processors 2013
  2. ‘Cowaramup abattir to remain closed’ Farm Weekly 10.12.09
  3. www.mantra.com
  4. ‘Fire causes $10M damage to O’Conner meat factory’ Perth Now. 16.11.09.
  5. Environmental Protection Licence. Government of WA – Dept of Environment and conservation
  6. ‘Abattoir capacity in WA’. Letter by Terry Redman. Minister for Agriculture and Food. 18.03.09

Waroona

Waroona abattoir is located in south west of Western Australia. Prior to closure in 1998 it had been export accredited and processed sheep, goats and pigs. In 2014 Gina Rhinehart purchased 50% share of the facility with current owners Milne Agrigroup.

Other Names

  • Clover Meats8

Current Operation

  • Closed. Most recently – 20093

Location              

 Australia. Waroona      Map.Waroona           

Owner

  • Clover Meats
  • Milne Agrigroup5
  • Timepath Holdings7
  • South West Meat Processors (SWMP), D. Delaney3
  • Liveringa Station Beef. (2014) – Joint venture between Gina Rhinehart and Milne Agrigroup8

Operation

  • Still operational as at June 20051
  • Cattle and Pig2
  • Process sheep, goats & Pigs, registered as a domestic abattoir4
  • Prior to closure was handling 12% of WA cattle2
  • Was accredited export, once closed only left EG Green & sons as export accredited at 1998 (Harvey #648)2
  • Markets in Asia and US suffered downturns factor in closure2

History

Prior 2008

  • could have applied for government grants to introduce technology to reduce kill costs, “would have kept the jobs of many of their workers, one area where abattoir owners have fallen down or have not considered the opportunities which would have been created by the lower costs those technologies would have bought about”2
  • “Once it began slaughtering pigs it denied itself exports to certain sheep markets because Muslim countries don’t accept sheep meats killed in a pig abattoir”2

 1998  

  • Prior to closure was one of WA’s biggest export abattoirs7
  • closed for a period2

2007

  • Abattoir had been dormant for some time but current owneres (Milne Agrigroup) in discussions with several groups5
    • To sell entirely or
    • work in partnership to operate the plant, Milne Group won’t be operating plant on their own.

2008

  • June. Reopened6
  • To be only operated as service kill7
    • Aim to process 1000 sheep, 200 pigs per day initially, with possibiity to process cattle latter.
    • offering a 12 month contract up front, guarantees kill space
    • Most other abattoirs are processing their own product with only small service kill
  • Operated in conjunction with Delaney Meats also owned by D. Delaney6
  • Killing sheep and pigs, with capacity for 500 cattle a day

2009  

  • Closed 13.02.09. Economic downturn cited as reason3
  • South West Meat Processors called in liquidators cited6
    • lack of support from industry.
    • Delaney meats also closed but not subject to liquidation

“It was a lack of stock and the world market has not helped, Service kill contracts had backed off 50% and the value of skins had plummeted due to the slowdown in the global economy, the price of skins fell from $7.50 to $3 overnight” Daniel Delaney (60% share of SWMP)6

  • 40 people lose jobs3
  • 42 redundancies6

2014

  • Gina Rhinehart – Australian mining magnate enters into a joint investment to purchase 2 Kimberley cattle stations and the Waroona abattoir8
    • 50% stakeholding with Milne Agrigroup – Graham Laitt8
    • 50% share cost $40M9
      • Total transaction to establish LSB estimated at $65M10
    • Entity is named Liveringa Station Beef (LSB)8
      • Gina Rinehart Company – Hancock Prospecting9
      • Milne Agrigroup parent company – Dowford Investments9
    • Reasons for purchase cited – Confidence in Australian food exports to Asia8
    • Graham Laitt (Milne Agrigroup) is quoted as saying “LSB is moving away from live exports towards boxed beef”10
    • Liveringa Station8  and Nerrima Station purchased in transaction8
      • 2 properties cover 470,000 hectares and span the Fitzroy River.10

Sources

  1. Parliament Hansard. P. Omodei 17.08.05
  2. Parliament Hansard. K.Chance/M. Montgomery  13.10.98
  3. ‘Abattoir closure leaves 40 people jobless’ ABC News. 23.02.09
  4. WA Meat Industry Authority – as at November 2002.
  5. ‘From Famine to feast in WA slaughterings’ The Land 09.03.07
  6. ‘Australia – Another meat plant closes’ Farming UK. 14.02.09
  7. ‘New Lease of life for Waroona abattoir’ Farm Weekly. 18.06.08.
  8. ‘Rhinehart buys into beef business’ Nth QLD Register. 02.07.2014
  9. ‘Gina Rinehart buys Kimberley cattle stations’ Beef Central 03.07.2014
  10. http:/’Rinehart’s Hancocl Prospecting buys in to cattle stations’ AFR 03.07.2014

Mandurah

Other Names

  • Nambeelup.

Current Operation

  • Closed 2004

Location              

  • Nambeelup – 90km S of Perth

Australia. Mandurah

Map.MandurahSource – Hema maps. Australia truckies atlas

Owner

  • Nebru Exports –
  • Nottle Family    

Operation

  • Chilling equipment was of a very high standard1

 

History

2004  

  • Closed – Sold by receivers – purchased by EG Greens & Sons $5M was immediately gutted.1

2006  

  • District structure plan has abattoir ceasing operation 2006. (pg 14)2

Sources

  1. Parliament Hansard. P. Omodei 17.08.05
  2. http://www.planning.wa.gov.au/dop_pub_pdf/Nambeelup_DSP_Complete_-_August_2012.pdf

Harvey

Other Names

  • Harvey Beef

Current Operation

  • Operating as at 2013. Establishment #648

Location              

  • Harvey WA. 160km S of Perth
  • rolling foothills of the Darling Range, 3km from Township of Harvey.

Australia. Harvey

Map. Harvey

Owner

  • Joint venture – Harvey Beef Industries. General Manager Dean Goode7
  • Harvey Indsutries group purchased for $27M 20068
    • Harvey Industries group is owned by International private equity firm – Harmony Capital management10
  • Others in Group with Harvey Beef Industries
  • Elders – 20% stake – sold to Harmony Investment Fund (Harmony Capital) $0.7M, June 20098
  • Stark Investments sold to Harmony Investment Fund, June 20098

Operation

  • Site is 190ha10
  • 180 ac kill 100 000 animals1
  • 175 0002 (3,500hd a week)– assume when upgrades done about 2004/2005
  • Processes 145,0009
  • Largest processor in WA9
  • Harvey also operate Harvey Industries Processing Centre (HIPC) – a boning facility in Fremantle10
  • Cattle only5
  • export accredited, does operate in domestic, main focus is export2
  • Domestic – process 11% of states supply for WA4
  • Processed 80-90% of beef export (prior to Waroona closing)6
  • Medium sized2
  • 700 workers2
  • Processes large steers, area of Capel, for export, only ab to be able to process the large animals3
  • $150M turnover4
  • Export to 30 countries – Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, USA, Canada,Japan, Korea,Taiwan, Middle East4 & 10
  • 70% of Harvey beef product is exported10
  • Could process 210 0004
  • Food safety processes in place
    • Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) – process used for identification, evaluation & control.1
    • Onsite microbiological labratory accredited by the government National testing authority10
    • Underpinned by comprehensive standard operating procedures10
    • AQIS oversees meat hygiene, safety regulations and certification10
    • NLIS – use for identification and tracking of animals.10
  • Harvey Beef is accredited by globally recognised standards10.
    • USDA Approval
    • JAS Accreditation
    • MSA/EQA – gaurantees eating quality
    • Halal Religious and cultural criteria
    • Ausmeat A+ accreditation
    • Exceeds ISO standards under AQS

History

1919

  • Cited as the start of the establishment of WA largest beef producer at the site10

1924  

  • Built by Ernest and Mary Green1

1939 

  • Transported meat wholesale to metropolitan areas1

1945  

  • Company EG Greens and Sons Pty Ltd established.1
  • Started to acquire pastoral land – Balmoral Station & farms, Raised stock, shorthorns, Herefords, fat lambs, pastoral leases in NW, covered 1M hectares1

1959 

  • Granted export licence, continued to buy land, horse breeding and pastoral activities1.
  • Abattoirs improved and modernised, brine curing plants to handle skins and export of leather1.

2002 

  • Utilisation rate 60% – Industry average 70%5

2004

  • Utilisation rate 90% – Industry average 85%with 70-80% export5

2005  

  • Mentioned in review

“it is critical that this firm remains profitable and efficient to ensure the industry can continue to grow”2

  • Recently made additions to plant on slaughter floor and boning rooms2
  • Shut – Causes of downturn, drought, influx of cheap meat imports, LE and changing markets1
  • National Australia Bank/AWB landmark/Elders placed under recieivership2
  • Harvey had 90% of export market
  • Loss of Harvey result in direct cash loss of $8.5M in the town alone, multiplier $1.10 for every dollar lost, $2.10 equates to $17.5M/yr2
  • Corporate decisions cited as main problem causing closure2 & 4
  • Attempted to rationalise assets – sale of stations, Abattoir had 2 very bad trading months2
  • Some creditors owed $1M, producers $250 000, are others owed4

2006 

  • Purchase $27M – Harvey Industries Group8

2009  

  • March. WA largest abattoir – bargaining with unions “cost parity it needs to be competitive”
  • Workers rejected a 3 year workplace agreement for the 2nd time, 1st rejected month earlier. 160 workers since made redundant7
  • 115 voted against/99 in favour, would have led to a pay cut of 20% for 1/3 of workforce for 3 years7
  • Alternative may be short term agreement, wage cuts lasting 2 years some entitlement provisions7
  • April. 160 workers redundant, remaining workers accepted pay cut8
  • June. Harmony Capital buy all of Stark Investments and Elders shares in Harvey Beef8
  • Values company at $3.5M, 3 years previously paid $27M8???????? $3.5 sounds too low.
  • Harvey Beef website (accessed 22.06.13) updated 17.08.09.
    • Processing 145,000 grass and grain fed animals a year.10
    • Employs 300 people10

     

2013

  • Harvey Beef Website (accessed 22.06.13) undated Fact sheet.
    • Employees 650.10
    • Processing capacity 4,500 per week10
    • By products Hides, Meat and bone meal, blood meal and tallow10

2014

  • Andrew Forrest Minderoo group purchase for more than $30M11
  • Craig Mostyn Group – WA biggest pork processor had attempted to buy the facility11

Sources

  1. Harvey History Online. Undated
  2. Parliament Hansard 17.08.05.P Omodei.
  3. Parliament Hansard 17.08.05 S. Thomas
  4. Parliament Hansard 17.08.05. M Trenorden
  5. WAMIA . Meat Processors (2013)
  6. Parliament Hansard K. Chance 13.10.98
  7. ‘Harvey Beef workers vote against workplace agreement but new proposal offers hope’ AFN 27.03.09
  8. ‘Private equity firm snares Harvey Beef’ AFN 16.06.09
  9. ‘Northern Australian beef industry – Assessment of risks and opportunities’ ABARE 2012
  10. http://www.harveybeef.com.au/index.php/home
  11. ‘Craig Mostyn sell-off aims to boost growth’ Stock & Land 07.08.2014

Baldivis

Current Operation

  • Operating as at 2013

Location              

  • Between  Perth and Mandurah – 35 km S Perth

Australia. Baldivis

Map. BaldivisSource – Hema Maps. Australia Truckies Atlas

Owner

  • Konynen Farm

Operation

  • Processes Rabbits1

 

History

  •             

 

Sources

  1. WAMIA Meat Processors 2013

Morawa

Current Operation

  • Operating as a special purpose abattoir for educational purposes.

Location              

  • 120 km SE of Geraldton

Australia. Morawa

Map. MorawaSource – Hema Maps – Australia Truckies Atlas

Owner

  • Morawa Agricultural College

Operation

  • Cattle, sheep, lamb & Pig1
  • Special Abattoir1

History          

 

Sources

  1. WAMIA Meat Processors 2013

Greenough

Current Operation

  • Currently accredited with AUS-MEAT as at 14.01.13, Establishment # 0041W2

Location              

  • Geraldton – 40km south of Geraldton

Australia. Greenough

Map. Greenough

Owner

  • D & K Hagen
  • Hagen Bros

Operation

  • Small plant1
  • Cattle, sheep, lamb, goat, pig & Deer2

History

  •             

Sources

  1. Parliament Hansard. P Omodei 17.08.05
  2. AUS-MEAT Accreditation list 14.01.13

Geraldton #104. WA

Export accredited facility that processed bee, sheep and mainly rangeland wild goats. Closed since 2015. Closure cited due to shortage of livestock due to wild dog preditation and farmer diversification into cropping. Competition due to Live animal export also a factor. Listed for sale in 2015.

Other Names

  • Geraldton Meat Works
  • Geraldton Meat exports

Current Operation

  • Closed (2015)6

Location

  • Located Moonyoonooka. 424km N of Perth, WA Coast             

Australia. Moonyoonooka

 

Map. Moonyoonooka

Source – Hema Maps. Australia Truckies Atlas

Owner

  • Geraldton Meat Works (Geraldton Meat Exports) GME

Operation

  • Modern Tier Two export licensed plant6
  • Feral goats/Mutton, 6 way cuts to Mexico, US & Russia??1
  • Halal slaughter
  • 94 workers2
  • goats and sheep and lamb
  • Export accredited
  • only abattoir in WA that processed goat4
  • Capacity of 2000 sheep, lambs or goats a day6.

Other abattoirs in Australia

Go to this link to view Location of Australian Abattoirs

abattoirs_edited-1   

History of Geraldton #104. WA

1987

  • At this time is listed as an export facility7
    • Operated by Metro Meat Ltd7

2007

  • November. At this time is listed as an export facility7
    • Operated by Geraldton meat Exports Pty Ltd

2009 

  • Closed
  • Sept 09 – Lynn MacLaren citing lack of supply and Live export as having taken animals that otherwise may have been processed through this site2.
    • Author Note – Lynn MacLaren, http://wa.greens.org.au/content/mlc-lynn-maclaren
    • Lynn MacLaren is a supporter of banning live animal export programs and served on the board of the Animals Australia Inc. The political lobby group advocating to ban live exports.

2012

  • Closed for maintenance and never reopened, could be a buyer currently looking.4

2015

  • June. Abattoir is closed for seasonal shutdown.6
  • Reasons for closure was livestock supply6
    • Goat Numbers in the area are dwindling
      • largely due to dog preditation
    • Sheep are also difficult to source
    • Many producers in the area are moving out of livestock production to cropping
  • Facility was processing up to 200,000 rangelands goats a year6
    • Mostly sourced from Gascoyne, Pilbara and surrounding areas
  • Considering by a prospective buyer could be of conversion of the plant to large animal chain
    • allow access to northern stock6
    • plants location 5ookm from Perth could be beneficial
  • Plant at one time did have regular contracts to Halal certified markets in Malaysia and South East Asia6
  • Dec. Geraldton abattoir is placed on the market for sale.5

advert-dec-2015-2

Source – Beef Central advert December 2015

2016

geraldton-brochure-bc-14-09-2016-4

Source – Geraldton Sale Brochure – Beef Central 15.09.2016

geraldton-brochure-bc-14-09-2016-5

Source – Geraldton Sale Brochure – Beef Central 15.09.2016

geraldton-brochure-bc-14-09-2016-3

Source – Geraldton Sale Brochure – Beef Central 15.09.2016

geraldton-brochure-bc-14-09-2016

geraldton-brochure-bc-14-09-2016-2

Source – Geraldton Sale Brochure – Beef Central 15.09.2016

  • Sept. Geraldton. Sale advertisements are renewed.6
  • Other abattoirs for sale at this time are;
    • Sarina. QLD. A small domestic facility that can process cattle, sheep or pigs
    • Forbes #656. NSW. Previously an export facility that is currently closed and stripped of equipment.
  • Geraldton plant has been closed since June 20156

 

Sources of Geraldton #104 WA

  1. Personal Communication #1. 16.01.13
  2. Lynn MacLaren (LM)– Questions without notice in Legislative council. 16.06.09
  3. WAMIA Meat Processors 2013
  4. ‘Abattoir gives up the goat’ www.efarming.com.au 14.06.12
  5. Beef Central Side advert on website articles December 2015
  6.  http://’Three meat processing plants hit the market – What’s behind it?’ Beef Central 14.09.2016
  7. Aus Meat lists 1987.

 

 

Wyndham

Current Operation

  • Closed

Location              

  • East Kimberley, 120km from NT border

Map Wyndham

map.Wyndham 001Source – Hema Australia Handy map 9th edition.

Locations of other Australian abattoirs.

Owner

  • Project Development Corporation (PDC) prior to 19765
  • Wyndham Meats (1960’s)
  • Hookers & PDC created a joint venture (1976)5
  • Hookers owned outright (1978) operated as Norwest Beef Industries Limited5

Operation

  • Seasonal operation killed May to September1
  • Average turnover was 30,000 hd cattle1
  • 45 yrs of public operation ran at a loss, sold 19661
  • Was export accredited – received cattle from NT prior to 1959 (when Darwin and Katherine) built1

 History

1897

  • JJ Holmes – Member for East Fremantle, member of parliament, at time Commissioner of railways – talked of long range solution to tick problem was formation of freezing works and chilling works at Wyndham. Pg 1777

1906

  • Talk of forming syndicates for chilling and beef-extract works in Wyndham. Pg 2057
  • Richard Tilden – British promotor who had been involved with failed mining schemes in Kalgoorlie, tries to raise capital to establish a floating abattoir.Pg 2337

1907

  • Properties from Kimberley were loading cattle at Wyndham for delivery to Robbs Jetty abattoir (WA), SS Mildura had run aground at North-West Cape and caused drowning of all 700 cattle aboard. Pg 2377
  • Kimberley pasturelands was producing more cattle than WA state could consume and were walking cattle overland to Queensland abattoirs.Pg 2367
  • James Mitchell, Minister for Agriculture promises provide two thirds of cost of construction of works at Wyndham. 40-50,000 pounds. Interest free for first 5 years and thereafter on gaurantee of 5%.Pg 2377
    • People weren’t happy with the meatworks receiving assistance.7

“Why should rich firms like these get large sums of government money free of interest whilst a struggling farmer can get no more than 500 punds and pay 6% for it” West Australian Newspaper.Pg 2377

1908

  • Techinical advisor of a large freezing works in Syndey investigates Wyndham proposal and advises cost to be minimum 100,000 pounds, 25,000 above original estimate.7
    • expert estimate included Jetty and supply of fresh water sourced 20 miles away from site7
    • Government withdraw support of funding. Pg 2597
    • Michael Durack visits William Angliss, who owns meatworks in Footscray, Melbourne, Angliss advises Durack that excluding land the facility cost 50,000 pounds, including freezing, chilling, boiling down and preserving works. pg 2677
  • Bovril Australian Estates show interest in partnering building of Wyndham abattoir. Pg 2937
    • Bovril would latter build Bullocky point abattoir (NT) in 1917, which only operated for 3 years
    • Bovril had just taken up leases in 1908 Victoria River Downs in NT and Carlton near Wyndham.Pg 3157
    • Bovril also said to be considering purchase of a steamer to convert to a floating abattoir7
      • approached Australian government for assistance and wanted to use Asian labour, business would be conducted in Cambridge gulf and not infringe on White Australia policy of the time. Pg 3157
  • Government attempted to assist with cattle movement – as alternative to sea transport subsidised the development of the Canning Stockroute. Pg 3167

1910

  • Kimberley cattle being sold for 3 pounds in Fremantle after shipping from Wyndham and Derby. Pg 3247
  • Live export was opening up to Philippines which would take light weight cattle. Pg 3247

1911

  • Advisor to Bovril that suitable site for an abattoir was on property Auvergne. Pg 3427
  • Government surveyor Sanderson, advises on feasibility of abattoir at Wyndham, with water being sourced from various sources.
    • Project wasn’t an alternative to Manilla live export trade but would be advantage to ship frozen meat to avoid quarantine  problems with stock to be held prior to shipping.Pg 3437
  • If meatworks not established in 1912. Richard Tilden would undertake project at estimated cost of 25,000 pounds, not including water which government was expected to provide. Pg 3497

1912

  • WA change of Government from Liberal to Labor – leader John Scadden. Withdraw support of Wyndham abattoir. Pg 3807
    • The government enter the Wholesale butchery business to reduce price of meat to public. Pg 3807
    • Government also take over shipping along coast. Pg 4377

1913

  • NT government talk of establishing meat works in Darwin, this is not supported by WA producers though a meatworks in Katherine was. Pg 3917
  • Government had already commited to establishment of abattoir in Darwin.7

1914

  • Vesteys sign a contract with government to establish meatworks in Darwin. Pg 4147Bullocky Point abattoir (NT)
  • Declaration of WW1 occured – WA government reconsider establishment of meatworks at Wyndham. Pg 4147

1915

  • March. WA state government sign a contract with building group Nevanas for materials and to construct abattoir for 159,510 pounds. Pg 4217
  • Bullocky point abattoir (NT) construction is well underway. Pg 4287
  • July. Agreement between government and Nevanas ended and Wyndham abattoir construction again under review.Pg 428.7
    • Shipping space to Nevanas had been made unprocurable. Pg 4307
    • 3% of estimate had been paid. Pg 4307
    • government renegotiated with Public works to build abattoir, some materials already delivered to Wyndham. Pg 4307
      • No public tender called and reaction of public was unfavourable.Pg 4307
  • Government supply two more ships for coast transport of people and cattle7
    • N.2. prinz Sigismund – Kaisers private yacht – renamed the Bambra. Pg 4377
    • Kangaroo – new vessel, first diesel engined motor vessel. Pg 4377

1916

  • Wyndham works making progress – mile from town, Water pool is located 20 miles out with 2 25,000 gallon tanks and pumping site.Pg 4417

1917

  • Trade union strikes impeded progress of meatworks construction. Pg 4547

1918

  • Meatworks costs now 723,000 pounds from original estimate of 155,150. Pg 4627
    • Debate on how the works was to be run, by the state or a joint enterprise. Pg 4627
    • Nevanas claimed they had the right to solely operate the facility. Pg 4627
  • Construction finished late in 1918, facility had an electric lift. Pg 4697

1919   

  • Constructed as a public meat works1
  • Meatworks to be operated under Government control7
    • Government offered producers 5-7 pounds less than other markets.Pg 4727
    • Post war markets and freighting costs were still indefinite.Pg 4727
    • Outbreak of pneumonic influenza forced quarantine – disrupted travel, delay in loading and unloading cargo.Pg 4737
  • Government resumed land held near abattoir, 60,000 acres, land was resumed forcefully including all improvements, living quarters, yards, fences and wells, from Duracks with no compensation. Pg 4817

1920

  • VRD cattle (Owner – Bovril Australian Estates) were Wyndham’s largest supplier5
  • Angliss discuss with Durack possibility of leasing Wyndham works.7
    • Angliss has processed in Australia 1,250,000 sheep and 30,000 cattle. Employed 1,000 men at 4 pounds to 4pounds 10 shillings a week. Pg 4907
  • June. Works having difficulties – inexperienced workers and strikes for higher pay. Pg 494.7

1930  

  • VRD supplied one third of 10 568 head slaughtered this year5
  • Abattoir paid £3 1s 5d, compared to realised value on VRD for 4000 head purchased by Sidney Kidman, paying £4 2s 6d5Pg 118.
  • ‘condemns’ chuted to be processed as meatmeal – ‘political reasons’5Pg 144.

Note by Jo Bloomfield – Not sure what this statement was in reference too – think there was strife between the management and workers and more than usual number of condemned cattle occurring, Could also refer to the government overseers.

1942

  • Japanese attacked Darwin, Government at the time were concerned if Japan invaded from the north that they would have a ready supply of meat and food therefore temporaily closed the meatworks down from this time to approximately 1949.6
  • Government also had landholders remove many cattle from northern properties and move south incase of invasion, so as to deny ready food source6
  • Cattle which had normally supplied this abattoir were now walked down the Murranji stockroute, eventually to QLD, 47,000 cattle in 1942, 30,000 from Vestey’s Wavehill alone. Demand for meat had increased on east due to Troops6

1949

  • ‘Airbeef’ Cattle slaughtered on Glenroy station, meat flown to Wyndham and Derby for exports and freezing1

1950’s

  • Abattoirs in the north were still operated ‘frontier mentality'(Pg 64)9
    • short processing seasons of 20-25 weeks9
    • largley itinerant labour9
    • Living and working conditions were dangerous9
    • Animal welfare standards were low9
    • Sanitation compiled to UK market standardsfor quarter beef, were well below standards for emerging US markets of boxed beef (Pg 64)9
  • US grinding beef market of the late 1950’s suited the cattle that were present in the north (Pg 64)9
  • Plants were encouraged to upgrade to meet USDA standards (Pg 64)9

1959

  • Improved to meet stringent USDA (USA Dept of agriculture) hygiene regulations1

1960’s

  • Wyndham Meats – Collective bargaining with Emanuel Exports, including Derby and Broome
  • UK agreement – quarter bone in carcases – meat was of inferior quality. Many condemned and processed into meatmeal5

1966  

  • Abattoir sold to private buyer1.

1968

  • Entire plant is condemned for its wooden structure by USDA reviewer(Pg 64)9
    • Decision was extended to cover all Wyndham beef on the water and in the US9
  • Affected importers and exporters, Wasn’t covered by insurance (Pg 64)9
    • finanical fallout took many years to resolve.9
  • Connections in Eastern Europe and Austria came in to play (Pg 65)9
    • 1,000t of affected product still in Australia was picked up at Wyndham and sold to Romania, with health certificates9
    • Export statistics don’t show shipments to Romania for that year, apparently customs and DPI were not present at loading9

 1970

  • Couldn’t meet USDA standards – lost export licence, so did Broome, Derby, Darwin and Katherine1
  • Beef Crisis was taking effect, many northern abattoirs were losing money.9

1970’s 

  • Ray Fryer – Uranpunga, Roper Gulf (NT) – trucked his own cattle from property to works. 3 day round trip, 1100 miles, 22 bullocks or 20 cows, received $150/hd ($3000 total), cost $500 fuel. “It was the only way to get a bit of money coming in”4

       1974

  • Ian Mc Bean was sending load of cattle from Bradshaw, return of sale barely covered costs of sending the animals (Pg 122)8

1976

  • PDC & Hookers created joint venture in attempt to rationalise the Katherine and Wyndham meatworks, outside shareholdings also purchased5

1978   

  • Hooker Corporation owned outright5

1985  

  • Export beef plant closed June 19851
  • Stayed open longer than other plants as was subsidised by the government3
  • Effluent from the works ran into a drain and straight into the sea, great burly for sharks (Pg 67)9

Sources

  1. ‘Sailing ahead’ Annabelle Coppin. 2009
  2. ‘The Australian livestock Export trade’ Nigel Austin 2011
  3. ‘Northern Australian Beef industry – Assessment of risks and opportunities’ ABARE 2012
  4.  ‘Red Dust Rising- The story of Ray Fryer of Urapunga’ Marion Houldsworth 2004.
  5. ‘The Big Run- The story of VRD station’ Jock Makin. 1970
  6. ‘The Murranji track – Ghost road of the drovers’ Darrell Lewis 2007.
  7. ‘Sons in the Saddle’ Mary Durack.
  8. ‘The privileged few’ Jeff Hill. 2008
  9. ‘World on a plate – A history of meat processing in Australia’ Stephen Martyn 2013
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