- Yeeda cattle station is located 40km south of Derby in Western Australia.
- Authors Note – Kilto is a name of a station closer to Broome, 53km east of Broome. I think the abattoir will be located there.
- Jack Burton – Yeeda Pastoral company2
- Establishment – Private abattoir with government funding1
- Yeeda abattoir
- During WWII, live export was difficult, this abattoir was set up, other cattle were walked to Katherine to be slaughted1
- Broome abattoir established1
- Improved to meet stringent USDA (United States Department of agriculture) hygiene regulations1
- Kimberley Meats – bargained with Emanual Exports – collective bargaining including Broome, Derby and Wyndham3
Source State Library of Western Australia. File Photo 258025PD
Broom abattoir 01/07/1964
- Couldn’t meet USDA standards – lost export licence, so did Derby, Wyndham,
- Darwin and Katherine also shut down for a period of times due to being unable to also meet USDA standards1
- Export beef plant closed October 19831
- Meat supply closed May 19861 (Not sure what this actually refers to in article)
“Broome is the preferred location for an abattoir to service the Kimberley and Pilbara, according to consultant’s report prepared for the Dept. Ag WA (SD&D Meateng 2010)4
- Feasibility study conducted to consider establishment of an abattoir in WA5
Feasibility of WA NW ab.
- For greatest efficency a new abattoir should be capable of processing a minimum 400 head a day.5
- would not be commercially viable in competition with strong live export trade, without tangible government support and without significant producer committment to a processing alternative.5
- Note – the feasibility study worked on average carcase weight of 250kg, at approximately 52% this equates to a minimum 480kg live animal processed. The table on Page 50 talks of yield off the animal of 70%. This is unclear if it includes offal – estimated at 20.14kg (Calculated from total render co products on page 33). Not listed is weight of hide, tallow, bone products.5
- Input cost of abattoir establishment $33.3M. Pg 515
- Employment estimate, 53 slaughter, 69 boners, 10 engineers, 28 admin – 160 people.Pg 545
- Process 100,000 head a year. Pg 555
- Cost per kg – Abattoir expects to pay for meat (assume Overhooks) to producers. Pg 535
- Year 1 – $1.64 – start up year5
- Year 2 – $2.21 – start up year5
- Year 3 – $1.49 – start up year5
- Year 4 – $2.16 – allows for poor season5
- Year 5 – $1.66 – allows for poor season5
- ‘Sailing ahead’ Annabelle Coppin 2009
- ‘New lamb abattoir for Jack Burton’ Meat trade daily 27.05.12
- ‘The Australian Livestock export trade’ Nigel Austin 2011
- Northern Australian Beef Industry – Assessment of risk and opportunities’ ABARE 2012
- ‘Feasibility of establishing a Northern western Australia Beef abattoir’ RIRDC.2010.
- ‘Backer for Yeeda Abattoir vision’ The West Australian 03.06.2015
Julia Creek is 1 of 10 sites included in a study looking at the potential location of a new meat processing facility in Northern QLD.
- Proposal put forward for development of an abattoir near Julia Creek May 20151
- Julia Creek is located in North West QLD, 250km East of Mt Isa and 637km west of Townsville.
- Other Abattoirs in Australia that have previously operated, in current operation and proposed.
- Study was conducted to investigate the viability of a new meat processing facility in northern Outback QLD
- Compare alternative potential locations in the study zone, Charters Towers, Hughenden, Richmond, Julia Creek, Cloncurry, Mt Isa, Normanton, Winton, Longreach & Georgetown
Evaluating the commercial viability of a northern outback QLD meat processing facility – DAFF 2012
nwq-abattoir-investment opportunities 2012
As the information in the study was dated to 2010 the following charts are updated information to 2014
Chart 1. Live cattle exported from North Queensland ports.
Chart 2. Northern Territory sourced cattle exported to other states for sale, breeding, finishing and slaughter.
- May. McKinlay Shire Council will meet with potential investors to consider a proposal to build an abattoir1
- Facility would cost $80M, capable of processing 200,000 cattle per year1
- No investors had commited to the project yet1
- “We would hope that the Federal Government would talk to us and support us with this” McKinlay Mayor Belinda Murphy1
- Other QLD towns were also considering abattoir building possibilities – Hughenden and Charters Towers1
- Generally accepted that while there was great potential for a new abattoir in North QLD, there was not enough demand for a second one.1
- ‘Ambitions high for new abattoir….” ABC Rural. 29.05.2015
Vanderlin Island is located approximately 50km off the south west coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria at the point of the MacArthur River mouth. A processing works was proposed as a co-operative of mainly tableland owned properties, with it being exempt from taxes, shipping acts and all government fees. The intention being to process cattle but reintroduce sheep in large numbers across the tableland areas.
- Vanderlin Island is located 50km from the mouth of the MacArthur River on the South west edge of the Gulf of Carpentaria.
Other Abattoir locations in Australia
Australian Abattoir Locations
- April. Government considered granting concessions if one or more chartered companies could be formed that would create development in the North of Australia (Pg 123)
- 9 Tablelanders met – represented 13 stations covering 25,259 sq miles. (Pg 123)
- proposed a formation of a chartered company to build an abattoir, freezing works and shipping facility on Vanderlin Island.
- Would require borrowing £1M to be gauranteed by the government (Pg 123)
- money was to be borrowed on the British money market
- Chartered company proposed it would have complete control of the area (Pg 123)
- including all mineral rights
- “free and uncontrolled industrial power” – to prevent a repeat of Vestey’s Bullocky Point (NT)
- company and its land would be totally exempt from
- tariffs and taxation
- all shipping and navigation acts
- almost all government fees and charges
- Education, policing, postal services and defence would be supplied by the Commonwealth
- Engineer – GH Anderson, appointed NT Pastoral Lessees’ Association assistant secretary – appointed to work full time on the proposal (pg 124)
- Project in its final form would encompass 100,000 sq miles from the Roper River to the QLD border and south to Austral Downs.(Pg 124)
- Of this area 68,000 was under leasehold, remainder was planned to be developed.
- Cattlemen participating would provide land, livestock and station improvements
- Would be shareholders in proportion to their investment
- Of the £1M borrowed
- £250,000 fencing and stud stock, including provision of waters to improve herds
- Balance was for abattoir, water and power supply, accommodation, trucks jetties, barges and roads
- Initially it was planned to build a railway to Borroloola then across the salt marshes to the coast plus two miles of stone causeways and bridges on Vanderlin Island
- Prliminary costing of light rail from Anthony’s Lagoon would cost £1.5M
- Cattle trucking experiments were being done in NSW, use of diesel transport and trailers would be only 23% of the cost of the railway line.
- From Borroloola the cattle would be transferred to Vanderlin in shallow-draft lighters similar to the picture below.
- Capacity of 320 head
- double decker, twin engined, 130′ long, 32′ wide
- draught was 5’6″
- maximum speed 7 knots
Source Distance, Drought and Dispossession McLaren & Cooper
A Bovril cattle barge in Argentina that could be used to transfer cattle to Vanderlin Island
- Construction of the wharf and abattor would take 2 years
- Plans to commence operations in 1937
- require 400t of diesel engine oil, petrol and lubricating oils to be imported each year
- Called for 20,000 cattle to be processed annually for the first decade
- 30,000 head annually for the second decade
- 40,000 head annually for the third decade
- Processing would occur March to June, until the roads dried out and then the Tableland cattle would be slaughtered until November
- As profits would be re-invested sheep were to be reintroduced to the Tableland
- Walhollow station was to be used as a cattle depot
- Plan was strongly opposed by other producers.
- The abattoir was to provide a market for aged cows, scrub bulls and culls.
- Longer term plan included agriculture development of supply of fruit and vegetables to employees and produce tobacco, maize, peanuts and pigs for export
- Commonwealth expressed willingness to gaurantee loan subject to a detailed feasibility study
- 17 days investigation identified no insurmountable problems
- Cost was now estimated at £1.48M
- Townsville district associations complained the facility would take shipping and general business from the town.
- Conacher (Vesteys chairman) forsaw a number of problems in relation to labour, supply, freight and supply of fresh water.
- Treasury didn’t support the proposal, Government were not prepared to back the loan
- Anderson approached AMP society for backing and other potential lenders – all refused.
- Anderson approached the German government to provide materials, plant and machinery, in return for credit for puchase of wool
- Germany to provide preferential tarriffs to Australia to import 30,000t of beef each year for 10 years
- German government refused they were not interested in the project
- Government opposition to the proposal had increased
- Payne Fletcher report into the issues of the NT thought is was feasible that 2.55M sheep could be run in the Northern Territory
- ‘Distance, Drought and Dispossession – A history of the Northern Territory pastoral industry’ Glen McLaren and William Cooper. 2001
Bourke is located in far north NSW. It is a new export abattoir being constructed with a view to being commissioned in 2018. It will be a goat and sheep processing facility mainly focused on goats. It has created some controversy because opponents of the facility believe there are not enough sustainable wild stock goat numbers to support the new and already existing goat processing facilities.
- 2015 Proposal1
- 2017. Facility is under construction with a view to begin operations in 2018
- Bourke is located in North west NSW, regarded as outback NSW. 800km North west of Sydney
Hema Maps – Australia Truckies atlas.
- Februrary. Bourke shire council conduct a study to consider a small goat abattoir being established in the area, research conducted by the Barwon Darling Alliance1
- Proposed meatworks could open in 20091
- Killing up to 1,500 goats a day sourced from the local area1
- Employ 60-70 people1
- Cost $12M – $14M1
- Local ability to raise the money “is probably a little bit stunted” Shire Officer Phil Johnson1
- Need investment from outside of Bourke1
- Overseas interest in goat meat increasing, though seasonal1.
- January. Goat is worth $3.70 (12.1 to 16kg carcass weight)14.
- There are approximately 6 million wild goats in Australia2.
- Generally regarded as a pest, increasingly becoming regarded as a good alternative income2.
- Australian exports of goat meat have doubled to 35,800t in 2014 since 20042.
- Most is sold to the USA for Hispanic population2.
- Live exports of goat have jumped from 50,500 head to 88,500 from 2004 to 20142.
- Wild goats are purchased for $1.70/kg live weight2.
- Live export goat price is $4.20/kg live weight2.
- Average goat sells for $55 per head2.
- October. Bourke Shire backs a proposal to build the abattoir2.
- Expected to cost $61M
- Aims to process 6,000 goats a day8
- Employ 200 people 8
- Abattoir should be up and running by mid 20178.
- Developer Capra Pty Ltd8.
- Capra is made up of partners with experience in both export and market processing operations and supply13
- Another proposal to build a facility at Blayney NSW
- Developer – Metziya8.
- Would process 4,500 animals per day8.
- but it had received public opposition.
- Bourke goat abattoir is expected to cost $60M to build5.
- Create 200 jobs5
- World’s largest goat processing abattoir5
- Currently 90% of the states (NSW) goats are transported interstate to be sold5.
- 95% of those transported are killed and processed in QLD, Victoria and South Australia5
- Boom in goat numbers and lack of processing facilities have enabled a solid economic case for the development5
- Rangelands goats are currently the star performers of Australian red meat sector in 20156.
- Farm-gate prices for goats have almost doubled in past 12 months to over $5 per kg6.
- There has been a fundamental increase in demand relative to supply6.
- In the past Australia has largely relied on one market the USA to take its product6.
- Had been no other high volume markets to force price upwards pressures6.
- Now there are new and emerging markets6.
- Competing against the USA for goat meat product6.
- Increasing markets to Taiwan, Vietnam, Indonesia, Korea, and China6.
- Demand is likely to grow as trade tariff barriers are reduced with recently secured Free Trade Agreements6.
- A number of southern Sheep processing plants are now processing goats in response to positive demand outlook6.
- Supply pressure of goats has not been as constant this year due to increased demand6.
- Goat populations in the past have mostly been sourced by opportunistic harvesting of wild herds6.
- MLA estimates there are around 4M head of goats in Australia at present6.
- Only 500,000 are in managed herds6.
- Challenge for industry is whether it can build a supply base to fulfil and sustain new levels of demand6.
- Prices for goats have traditionally fluctuated6.
- To encourage sustainable development of the industry a five year strategy has been released6.
- Goatmeat and Livestock Industry Strategic Plan 2020
- Goats have a low cost of production that has some advantages over raising other stock6.
- December. Bourke abattoir gets Federal government funding $10M7.
- Grant will assist the facility to overcome challenges of isolation and lack of infrastructure at the remote site7.
- Grant was made under Federal Governments National Stronger regions fund15..
- Program to support investment in a diverse range of infrastructure15..
- Targeted at areas of disadvantage across the country15.
- Abattoir developer says access to roads and a reliable water supply were 2 major issues that needed to overcome to get the project up and running7.
- January. Goat meat is worth $5 /kg (12.1 to 16kg carcass weight)14.
- Charleville #101. QLD. Says its future will be jeopardised if the Bourke plant goes ahead9.
- Goat supply in QLD, NSW and Victoria is too low to accommodate a new abattoir9.
- Charleville #101 QLD processed 70% of the goats sourced from producers across the border in 20159.
- Charleville processed 620,000 animals last year for export9.
- If the Bourke plant is successful in being built it would threaten processing jobs at Charleville facility9.
- Charleville never received a similar grant from the government and feel it is an unfair advantage to the Bourke site9.
- Currently in NSW there are seven different abattoir processing goats9.
- Authors note. The above reference was by the speaker of the article, it may include domestic facilities that are not on this blog.(03/12/2017)
- In NSW – Export Abattoirs slaughtering goats.
- In Qld, Export abattoirs processing goats
- In QLD Domestic abattoirs processing goats
- Biggenden #3072Q. QLD
- Yangan #101007Q. QLD
- Gleneagle #60Q. QLD
- Currently needing more stock to process9.
- To consider another plant will be in operation the stock numbers don’t support the processing capacity9.
Source Australian Abattoirs Locations – Australian goat processing abattoirs as per Aus-meat as at 02/10/2017
Above diagram. Bourke is indicated by the green pointer slightly above centre of picture. Charleville is located directly above Bourke to the far north. Abattoirs are marked as red for Export or blue for Domestic accreditations. No abattoirs specialise only in goat processing. Most are combinations of beef, sheep and goat. There are facilities in WA and one in Tasmania not shown on this diagram
- Murweh Shire council Mayor, Dennis Cook speaks and writes to Federal government explaining his shire don’t want to see ‘a big lot of government money coming in and propping them up, because our business here is a wonderfully run business…”, Charleville #101 QLD Shire council explains is a privately run business10.
- Charleville shire don’t want to interfere in what happens in NSW but they are concerned the Bourke facility will negatively impact on the employees at Charleville10.
- February. Site Plans are developed and submitted for approval11
- March. NSW Planning and Environment release a media statement for community views on the Bourke abattoir11.
- Bourke abattoir will have capacity to process 6,000 goats, sheep or lambs per day for export11.
- Submissions close 26/04/201611.
- Bourke Small Stock Abattoir – Environmental Impact Statement12.
- Budgets and findings on water and environmental issues are released12.
Source Bourke small stock abattoir. Environmental Impact Statement March 2016
- Stock Supply. Agreement has been reached with a goat depot located in Bourke to supply the facility (Pg 2)18.
- Depot currently sends 200,000 outside of Bourke for sale or process(Pg 2)18
- Waste products. No rending is to occur at the plant with waste products transported to approved sites for processing18.
- Water Supply. Agreement has been reached with the Bourke council to supply 770KL up to 1ML water per day (Pg 4)18
- 2 bores are to be constructed and monitored up to 12 months before operation begins to monitor underground water and enable ongoing monitoring of water once the plant is in operation (Pg 4)18
- December. Development consent for the Bourke abattoir has been approved13.
- Now in the construction certificate phase13.
- Project spokesperson JPA Business Managing Director – James Price13.
- Developers have been working with Dept. Planning and Environment for over 12 months to gain consent 13.
- Slaughter level of 6,000 head per day will take some time to reach at an operational level13
- When fully operational the facility will have the potential to almost double the value of goat exports from Australia13.
- Bourke abattoir will be a useful outlet for producers who rely on meat exporters slaughtering in other states13.
- Major priority is to capture the goat meat demand in the international market13.
- January. Goat meat is worth $6/kg (12.1 to 16kg Carcass weight)14.
- June. Construction of the cement foundations begins14.
- Plant is expected to be operational early 201814.
- When in operation it is expected to boost Bourke regional economy by 30%14.
- approximately $50M per year14.
- already 25 people are on site involved in early construction14.
- ‘Locals first’ employment policy14.
- Inevitable that other workers will be sought throughout NSW & QLD14.
- Overseas workers will be hired as well14.
- Recent changes to 457 Visa scheme will not be a problem14.
- Estimates of 5.8M goats in Western NSW14.
- 50-60% of all of Australia’s feral goats located in NSW15.
- Others dispute these figures14.
- Local producers ‘economics’ would play a major role to determine if they sent their stock to the facility14.
- DPI is about to start a new goat count14.
- Plan is to start processing approximately 3,000 goats a day in the first year14.
- fully operational, if processing 6,000 per day is equivalent to 4 full roadtrains14.
- Plan to reach 6,000 head processing by 3 years14.
- Part of the facility infrastructure is being fabricated overseas14.
- Will install a state of the art automatic chain that hasn’t been seen in Australia14..
- Enable carcase to be cut to smaller pieces14.
- Meat will be sent through Sydney Port14.
- Main destination North America14.
- Other markets will be South-East Asia and the Middle East14..
- Wished to reignite Chinese interest which can be ‘fluky’14.
- A b-double of goats at the moment was worth $100,00014.
- 20 years ago it was worth nothing14.
- This week goat carcasses hit $7.50/kg, averaging $6.50/kg14.
- January 2015, the monthly average was $3.70 (12.1 to 16kg carcass weight)14.
- January 2016 $5/kg14.
- January 2017 $6/kg14.
- Goat industry was in rebuilding phase14.
- Market potential in Europe14.
- Goat meat was being included in new Brexit trade talks14..
- it was a big challenge to get more western graziers to produce goats14.
- July. Multi level stockyard was under construction15.
- August. A new goat abattoir is proposed for the Goulburn Valley, Gillieston (Proposed) Vic.16.
- Capacity of 3,000 head per day16.
- Plant could be operational in about 18 months if approvals go through16.
- November. Bourke abattoir advertise for a plant manager17.
- Operation company is called Darling River meats17.
- December. NSW Department of primary Industries conduct a rangeland population survey of goats19.
- Show goat herd has declined from 5.7M in 2016 to 3.4M in 201719
- Aerial survey was conducted of central and western NSW19
- Lower numbers could be due to 19
- Dry seasonal conditions19
- Poor reproductive rates of livestock and goats19
- Efficient goat harvesting operations in the area19
- ‘Study reveals goat meatworks feasible’ ABC News 14.02.2007
- ‘Growth in goat farming in Bourke for halal butchers and restaurants’ www.smh.com.au 08/06/2015
- ‘Developers say $38M Blayney goat abattoir will provide …..’ Central Western Daily 07/05/2015
- Proposed Small Stock Abattoir. Capra Developments Feb 2016
- ‘Bourke goat abattoir could be a “game-changer”, says MP’ ABC News 22/10/2015
- ‘What is behind the rise and rise of goat prices? Beef Central 29/10/2015
- ‘Bourke goat abattoir gets Federal government funding’ ABC rural 08/12/2015
- ‘Two new goat abattoirs planned in Bourke and Blayney’ The Land 09/07/2016
- ‘QLD goat processor says jobs will go if government-backed Bourke abattoir is built’ ABC news 05/01/2016
- ‘Cross border goat abattoir competition’ Charleville Plus More. 14/01/2016
- NSW Government. Major Projects. Bourke Abattoir. Accessed 02/12/2017
- Bourke Small Stock Abattoir. Environmental Impact Statement March 2016
- ‘Bourke abattoir gets OK’ The Land 07/12/2016
- ‘Bourke abattoir on way’ The Land 08/06/2017
- http://www.markcoulton.com.au. media release 27/07/2017
- ‘Abattoir in the works’ Country News 09/08/2017
- Plant Manager – Bourke 09/11/2017
- 2016-06-23 H15101 Bourke Abattoir RTS_v3-0
- ‘Latest goat industry data’ NSW DPI 13/12/2017