- Yeeda cattle station is located 40km south of Derby in Western Australia.
- Authors Note – Kilto is a name of a station closer to Broome, 53km east of Broome. I think the abattoir will be located there.
- Jack Burton – Yeeda Pastoral company2
- Establishment – Private abattoir with government funding1
- Yeeda abattoir
- During WWII, live export was difficult, this abattoir was set up, other cattle were walked to Katherine to be slaughted1
- Broome abattoir established1
- Improved to meet stringent USDA (United States Department of agriculture) hygiene regulations1
- Kimberley Meats – bargained with Emanual Exports – collective bargaining including Broome, Derby and Wyndham3
Source State Library of Western Australia. File Photo 258025PD
Broom abattoir 01/07/1964
- Couldn’t meet USDA standards – lost export licence, so did Derby, Wyndham,
- Darwin and Katherine also shut down for a period of times due to being unable to also meet USDA standards1
- Export beef plant closed October 19831
- Meat supply closed May 19861 (Not sure what this actually refers to in article)
“Broome is the preferred location for an abattoir to service the Kimberley and Pilbara, according to consultant’s report prepared for the Dept. Ag WA (SD&D Meateng 2010)4
- Feasibility study conducted to consider establishment of an abattoir in WA5
Feasibility of WA NW ab.
- For greatest efficency a new abattoir should be capable of processing a minimum 400 head a day.5
- would not be commercially viable in competition with strong live export trade, without tangible government support and without significant producer committment to a processing alternative.5
- Note – the feasibility study worked on average carcase weight of 250kg, at approximately 52% this equates to a minimum 480kg live animal processed. The table on Page 50 talks of yield off the animal of 70%. This is unclear if it includes offal – estimated at 20.14kg (Calculated from total render co products on page 33). Not listed is weight of hide, tallow, bone products.5
- Input cost of abattoir establishment $33.3M. Pg 515
- Employment estimate, 53 slaughter, 69 boners, 10 engineers, 28 admin – 160 people.Pg 545
- Process 100,000 head a year. Pg 555
- Cost per kg – Abattoir expects to pay for meat (assume Overhooks) to producers. Pg 535
- Year 1 – $1.64 – start up year5
- Year 2 – $2.21 – start up year5
- Year 3 – $1.49 – start up year5
- Year 4 – $2.16 – allows for poor season5
- Year 5 – $1.66 – allows for poor season5
- ‘Sailing ahead’ Annabelle Coppin 2009
- ‘New lamb abattoir for Jack Burton’ Meat trade daily 27.05.12
- ‘The Australian Livestock export trade’ Nigel Austin 2011
- Northern Australian Beef Industry – Assessment of risk and opportunities’ ABARE 2012
- ‘Feasibility of establishing a Northern western Australia Beef abattoir’ RIRDC.2010.
- ‘Backer for Yeeda Abattoir vision’ The West Australian 03.06.2015
Julia Creek is 1 of 10 sites included in a study looking at the potential location of a new meat processing facility in Northern QLD.
- Proposal put forward for development of an abattoir near Julia Creek May 20151
- Julia Creek is located in North West QLD, 250km East of Mt Isa and 637km west of Townsville.
- Other Abattoirs in Australia that have previously operated, in current operation and proposed.
- Study was conducted to investigate the viability of a new meat processing facility in northern Outback QLD
- Compare alternative potential locations in the study zone, Charters Towers, Hughenden, Richmond, Julia Creek, Cloncurry, Mt Isa, Normanton, Winton, Longreach & Georgetown
Evaluating the commercial viability of a northern outback QLD meat processing facility – DAFF 2012
nwq-abattoir-investment opportunities 2012
As the information in the study was dated to 2010 the following charts are updated information to 2014
Chart 1. Live cattle exported from North Queensland ports.
Chart 2. Northern Territory sourced cattle exported to other states for sale, breeding, finishing and slaughter.
- May. McKinlay Shire Council will meet with potential investors to consider a proposal to build an abattoir1
- Facility would cost $80M, capable of processing 200,000 cattle per year1
- No investors had commited to the project yet1
- “We would hope that the Federal Government would talk to us and support us with this” McKinlay Mayor Belinda Murphy1
- Other QLD towns were also considering abattoir building possibilities – Hughenden and Charters Towers1
- Generally accepted that while there was great potential for a new abattoir in North QLD, there was not enough demand for a second one.1
- ‘Ambitions high for new abattoir….” ABC Rural. 29.05.2015
Vanderlin Island is located approximately 50km off the south west coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria at the point of the MacArthur River mouth. A processing works was proposed as a co-operative of mainly tableland owned properties, with it being exempt from taxes, shipping acts and all government fees. The intention being to process cattle but reintroduce sheep in large numbers across the tableland areas.
- Vanderlin Island is located 50km from the mouth of the MacArthur River on the South west edge of the Gulf of Carpentaria.
Other Abattoir locations in Australia
Australian Abattoir Locations
- April. Government considered granting concessions if one or more chartered companies could be formed that would create development in the North of Australia (Pg 123)
- 9 Tablelanders met – represented 13 stations covering 25,259 sq miles. (Pg 123)
- proposed a formation of a chartered company to build an abattoir, freezing works and shipping facility on Vanderlin Island.
- Would require borrowing £1M to be gauranteed by the government (Pg 123)
- money was to be borrowed on the British money market
- Chartered company proposed it would have complete control of the area (Pg 123)
- including all mineral rights
- “free and uncontrolled industrial power” – to prevent a repeat of Vestey’s Bullocky Point (NT)
- company and its land would be totally exempt from
- tariffs and taxation
- all shipping and navigation acts
- almost all government fees and charges
- Education, policing, postal services and defence would be supplied by the Commonwealth
- Engineer – GH Anderson, appointed NT Pastoral Lessees’ Association assistant secretary – appointed to work full time on the proposal (pg 124)
- Project in its final form would encompass 100,000 sq miles from the Roper River to the QLD border and south to Austral Downs.(Pg 124)
- Of this area 68,000 was under leasehold, remainder was planned to be developed.
- Cattlemen participating would provide land, livestock and station improvements
- Would be shareholders in proportion to their investment
- Of the £1M borrowed
- £250,000 fencing and stud stock, including provision of waters to improve herds
- Balance was for abattoir, water and power supply, accommodation, trucks jetties, barges and roads
- Initially it was planned to build a railway to Borroloola then across the salt marshes to the coast plus two miles of stone causeways and bridges on Vanderlin Island
- Prliminary costing of light rail from Anthony’s Lagoon would cost £1.5M
- Cattle trucking experiments were being done in NSW, use of diesel transport and trailers would be only 23% of the cost of the railway line.
- From Borroloola the cattle would be transferred to Vanderlin in shallow-draft lighters similar to the picture below.
- Capacity of 320 head
- double decker, twin engined, 130′ long, 32′ wide
- draught was 5’6″
- maximum speed 7 knots
Source Distance, Drought and Dispossession McLaren & Cooper
A Bovril cattle barge in Argentina that could be used to transfer cattle to Vanderlin Island
- Construction of the wharf and abattor would take 2 years
- Plans to commence operations in 1937
- require 400t of diesel engine oil, petrol and lubricating oils to be imported each year
- Called for 20,000 cattle to be processed annually for the first decade
- 30,000 head annually for the second decade
- 40,000 head annually for the third decade
- Processing would occur March to June, until the roads dried out and then the Tableland cattle would be slaughtered until November
- As profits would be re-invested sheep were to be reintroduced to the Tableland
- Walhollow station was to be used as a cattle depot
- Plan was strongly opposed by other producers.
- The abattoir was to provide a market for aged cows, scrub bulls and culls.
- Longer term plan included agriculture development of supply of fruit and vegetables to employees and produce tobacco, maize, peanuts and pigs for export
- Commonwealth expressed willingness to gaurantee loan subject to a detailed feasibility study
- 17 days investigation identified no insurmountable problems
- Cost was now estimated at £1.48M
- Townsville district associations complained the facility would take shipping and general business from the town.
- Conacher (Vesteys chairman) forsaw a number of problems in relation to labour, supply, freight and supply of fresh water.
- Treasury didn’t support the proposal, Government were not prepared to back the loan
- Anderson approached AMP society for backing and other potential lenders – all refused.
- Anderson approached the German government to provide materials, plant and machinery, in return for credit for puchase of wool
- Germany to provide preferential tarriffs to Australia to import 30,000t of beef each year for 10 years
- German government refused they were not interested in the project
- Government opposition to the proposal had increased
- Payne Fletcher report into the issues of the NT thought is was feasible that 2.55M sheep could be run in the Northern Territory
- ‘Distance, Drought and Dispossession – A history of the Northern Territory pastoral industry’ Glen McLaren and William Cooper. 2001