Hema Maps – Australia Truckies atlas.
- Doug Howenstine (American) (pg 7)1
- Managed by an Australian Jim McIntyre1
- Animal health position inspected district from Boorroloola district, included McArthur river – position taken up by Terry Crowson.(Pg 7)1.
- ‘The privileged few’ Jeff Hill.2008
A small domestic processor located on an Aboriginal remote community, processes locally bred cattle to sell meat mainly to local communities.
- Kalkarindji is an Aboriginal community located on the Buntine Highway 350 km south west of Katherine.
Source – Hema Maps.
- Processes locally grown short horn cattle a week1
- Uses a bolt action gun to kill the animal1
- Process the animal by laying in a cradle to dress the carcase.1
- Supplies communities in the Victoria River District with meat.1
- Supplies Kakarindji store, Yarralin, Pigeon Hole and Lajamanu2
- July. At this time there are 2 other Aboriginal owned abattoirs operating in communities3
- September. Indigenous Land Corporation have acquired 221 properties across Australia since 19955
- Manage 70,000 head of cattle on various Aboriginal held stations5
- December. Current butcher – Jason Scadden, has been working at the facility for 11 years.1
- On kill days 2 other workers help.1
- After slaughter the animal is laid on a cradle to skin, legs and gut1
- Facility has a ban saw, mincer and sausage maker1
- Meat is wrapped, packed and priced.1
- Goes to the shop in Kalkarindji or other communities.1
- Is unsatisfied demand for local beef in northern Australia local communities, mining and tourism.2
- Involvement in meat processing by Indignous communties could develope local beef processing facilities.2
- Oenpelli abattoir (NT) – more commonly known as Gunbalanya, kills 30 head a week is currently operating.2
- Palumpa (NT), kills 20 head a week is currently operating2
- Mataranka (NT) – partially built but has been abandoned.
- Peppimenarti (NT) proposed.2
- Oenpelli abattoir is closed4
- No reason is given by the operator – Australian Indigenous Agribusiness Company4
- Indigenous Land council newly formed subsidiary that is federally funded4
- ILC lease and run Gunbalanya station and meatworks under a 15 year lease agreement4
- ‘Touring a remote abattoir’ ABC rural. 15.12.2008
- Managing Indigenous Pastoral Land. Module 9, Small scale abattoirs. 14/025
- ‘Rare bush abattoir’ ABC Rural 07.07.2008
- ‘Local meat shortage, families without income ahead of christmas….’ ABC Rural 22/12/2017
- ‘Cattlemen muster pride’ The Australian 22.09.2008
Note – May be confusion in Darwin timelines as a packing plant was built and a number of abattoirs, at times these places may have operated at the same time.
- Central abattoirs5
- Ten Mile abattoirs reserve5
- North Australian Meat Company1
- Sir William Charles2
- Vesty’s (1934)
- Sir William Charles (1865-1957)– Migrated from England, Engaged in butcher trade in Kent when young. Migrated to Roackhampton (QLD) 1884. Moved to Melbourne and opened two butcher stores in 1886.He began to export meat. Over the next 30 years became a dominant figure in Australian meat export trade. Sent meat to WA goldfields, latter to forces in South Africa and Britain. Built his own freezer works in Footscray 1905. Exported to NZ, opened offices in London and Liverpool. Brought meatworks in Forbes 1914 and Riverstone, Sydney 1920, Brisbane 1924 and with a rival (F.J. Walker) in Rockhampton 1927. Leased and bought cattle stations in 3 eastern states with Sir Kidney Kidman. Purchased QLD properties owned by the government in 1929. QLD properties could support 80,000hd. 1930’s claims William Charles owned the largest personally controlled meat enterprise in the British Empire. 1933 Vestey’s acquired his Vic and the whole Angliss meat business except the QLD properties.
- Vestey’s purchased Angliss meat business for £1.5M2
- Improvements in refrigeration now made it possible to send chilled rather than frozen product6
- Government requested in early days of war that Bovril (VRD) supply 400 head to Darwin per month at £5 each. Few stockmen left due to labour shortage and Bovril had difficulty filling this order7
- Improved to meet stringent USDA (USA Dept of agriculture) hygiene regulations4
- Combined with Katherine – capacity of 60,000hd per year, first time NT had export killing capacity3
- William Angliss and Co began building Central Abattoirs at Ten Mile abattoir reserve. This was to serve as a central killing works for Darwin with the aim of adding an export annex5
- Vesteys opened4
- Paid 6 shillings and half pence a pound, Hong Kong export market couldn’t afford to match paying 5 shillings and half pence a pound4
- Couldn’t meet USDA standards – lost export licence, so did Broome,Derby, Wyndham and Katherine3
- ‘100 years of Northern Beef production’ Nth QLD Register 22.11.12
- Angliss, Sir Willam Charles – Australian Dictionary of Bigraphy.
- ‘Sailing ahead’ Annabelle Coppin 2009
- ‘The Australian Livestock export trade’ Nigel Austin 2011
- ‘Wild Cattle, Wild Country’ Ann Marie Ingham 2007.
- ‘The Rise and fall of the house of Vestey’ Phillip Knight 1993.
- ‘The Big Run – The story of VRD station’ Jock Makin 1970.